Auth
Updated on GitHub 5 months ago (see history)

How to connect to self-hosted hardened Bitcoin node on Tails

Requirements

Caveats

  • When copy/pasting commands that start with $, strip out $ as this character is not part of the command
  • When copy/pasting commands that start with cat << "EOF", select all lines at once (from cat << "EOF" to EOF inclusively) as they are part of the same (single) command

Setup guide part 1 (on Linux or macOS computer)

Step 1: log in to server or Raspberry Pi

Heads-up: replace ~/.ssh/pi with path to private key and pi@10.0.1.181 with server or Raspberry Pi SSH destination.

ssh -i ~/.ssh/pi pi@10.0.1.181

Step 2: insert FAT32-formatted USB flash drive into server or Raspberry Pi

Heads-up: on macOS FAT32 is labelled as “MSDOS (FAT)”.

Step 3: mount FAT32-formatted USB flash drive, copy hostname and pi-electrs.auth_private over and unmount FAT32-formatted USB flash drive

Heads-up: run sudo fdisk -l to find device and replace sdb1 with device (if needed)

$ sudo fdisk -l /dev/sd*
Disk /dev/sda: 931.51 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Disk model: PSSD T7 Touch
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 33553920 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0xcb15ae4d

Device     Boot  Start        End    Sectors   Size Id Type
/dev/sda1         8192     532479     524288   256M  c W95 FAT32 (LBA)
/dev/sda2       532480 1953523711 1952991232 931.3G 83 Linux


Disk /dev/sda1: 256 MiB, 268435456 bytes, 524288 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 33553920 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sda2: 931.26 GiB, 999931510784 bytes, 1952991232 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 33553920 bytes


Disk /dev/sdb: 29.88 GiB, 32080200192 bytes, 62656641 sectors
Disk model: Flash Drive
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Device     Boot Start      End  Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1        2048 62656511 62654464 29.9G  b W95 FAT32


Disk /dev/sdb1: 29.88 GiB, 32079085568 bytes, 62654464 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

$ sudo mkdir -p /tmp/usb

$ sudo mount /dev/sdb1 /tmp/usb

$ sudo cp /var/lib/tor/electrs/{hostname,pi-electrs.auth_private} /tmp/usb

$ sudo umount /dev/sdb1

Step 4: remove FAT32-formatted USB flash drive from server or Raspberry Pi

Setup guide part 2 (on Tails computer)

Step 1: boot to Tails

Step 2: enable persistence (if not already enabled)

Click “Applications”, then “Favorites”, then “Configure persistent volume”, set passphrase, click “Create”, make sure “Personal Data” is enabled, click “Save” and, finally, click “Restart Now”.

Step 3: boot to Tails, unlock persistent storage and set admin password (required to run electrum.sh)

Heads-up: if keyboard layout of computer isn’t “English (US)”, set “Keyboard Layout”.

Click “+” under “Additional Settings”, then “Administration Password”, set password, click “Add” and, finally, click “Start Tails”.

Step 4: create electrum.sh script

Insert FAT32-formatted USB flash drive into Tails computer, click “Places”, then “Computer”, then click FAT32-formatted USB flash drive, enter admin password (if required), double-click “hostname” and “pi-electrs.auth_private” and, finally, replace HOSTNAME and PI_ELECTRS_AUTH_PRIVATE with corresponding values.

$ HOSTNAME=v6tqyvqxt4xsy7qthvld3truapqj3wopx7etayw6gni5odeezwqnouqd.onion

$ PI_ELECTRS_AUTH_PRIVATE=v6tqyvqxt4xsy7qthvld3truapqj3wopx7etayw6gni5odeezwqnouqd:descriptor:x25519:ZAELCI54J2B7MU7UW3SZBGZRB542RY6MQMMVF3PQ4TYLLG43WV2A

$ cat << EOF > /home/amnesia/Persistent/electrum.sh
#! /bin/bash

set -e

if [ "\$(id -u)" -ne 0 ]; then
  echo 'Please run as root'
  exit
fi

umask u=rwx,go=

sudo -u debian-tor mkdir -p /var/lib/tor/auth

umask u=rw,go=

echo "$PI_ELECTRS_AUTH_PRIVATE" | sudo -u debian-tor tee /var/lib/tor/auth/pi-electrs.auth_private > /dev/null
echo 'ClientOnionAuthDir /var/lib/tor/auth' | sudo -u debian-tor tee -a /etc/tor/torrc > /dev/null
systemctl restart tor
sudo -u amnesia electrum --oneserver --server $HOSTNAME:50001:t --proxy socks5:127.0.0.1:9050 > /dev/null 2>&1
EOF

$ chmod +x /home/amnesia/Persistent/electrum.sh

Step 5 (optional): secure erase FAT32-formatted USB flash drive

Heads-up: data on selected disk will be permanently destroyed… choose disk carefully.

Heads-up: secure erasing FAT32-formatted USB flash drive can take a long time (potentially hours) depending on performance and size of drive.

Click “Application”, then “Utilities”, then “Disks”, select FAT32-formatted USB flash drive, click “-”, then “Delete”, then “+”, then “Next”, enter “Volume Name”, enable “Erase”, select “For use with all systems and devices (FAT)” and, finally, click “Create”.

👍


Usage guide (on Tails computer)

Step 1: boot to Tails, unlock persistent storage and set admin password (required to run electrum.sh)

Heads-up: if keyboard layout of computer isn’t “English (US)”, set “Keyboard Layout”.

Click “+” under “Additional Settings”, then “Administration Password”, set password, click “Add” and, finally, click “Start Tails”.

Step 2: run electrum.sh

$ sudo /home/amnesia/Persistent/electrum.sh

👍

Contributors:Sun KnudsenSun Knudsen

Wish to contribute or need help? Read the docs.
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